Understanding the 3 Types of Adoption

For You From The Word

God sets the lonely in families. (Psalm 68:6)

For You To Think About

adoption: baby in red shirtDifferent types of adoption are distinguished by the level of contact between the birth parents, adoptive parents, and the child. November is National Adoption Awareness Month – a good time to understand the differences.

Open adoption allows for some level of direct contact between birth parents, adoptive parents, and the child. Typically, the birth mom writes an adoption plan for her child which includes choosing the adoptive parents and exchanging letters, pictures, and perhaps visits with her child. Birth parents and adoptive parents can have direct contact before and after the adoption.

Semi-open adoption (or “mediated adoption”) is a variation of open adoption. Prior to placement, the birth parents and pre-adoptive parents exchange mostly non-identifying information. Once the child is placed in the adoptive home, the adopted child may have contact with the birth family that involves pictures, letters, or other types of communications sent through the adoption agency or the attorney who assisted with the placement.

Closed adoption (“confidential adoption,” “traditional adoption”) allows for no direct contact between birth parents, adoptive parents, and the child. The birth mom (or birth parents) may be given some non-identifying information about the adoptive parents, such as their ages and occupations. Adoptive parents are given information that will help them take care of the child, such as medical or family history. Specific information, including names and addresses, are not revealed to either party.

For You To Pray

Father to the fatherless,
Speak to the hearts of women who are considering adoption. Help them choose wisely between open, semi-open, and closed adoption. Place each adopted child in the family that is just right for him.
In Jesus’ name, Amen.

More about Adoption

Do You Believe This Popular Myth About Adoption?

The Culture Doesn’t “Get” Adoption, But We Can Still Embrace It

What Is the Adoption Triangle?


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